2013_Summer School 2.0_Day 2

Marti, 16 iulie

In prima parte a zilei, studentii au inceput prima sesiune de proiectare participativa si construire experimentala in comunitate prin activitati de documentare si analiza preliminara prin intermediul unor discutii cu beneficiarii. Au fost aduse in discutie, pe rand, componenta si dinamica familiilor, sursele lunare de venit, caile de acces, stabilirea functiunilor spatiiilor, orientarea casei, tipurile de activitati zilnice, obiceiurile culinare, sursele de apa, situatia utilitatilor, conditiile climatice, relatia cu vecinii, situatia scolara a copiilor (cazuri de abandon scolar), dificultati intampinate la angajare din cauza etniei. In paralel cu discutiile cu membrii famiilor beneficiare, studenti de la fiecare echipa au participat activ la lucrul pe santierul centrului de design comunitar prin pregatirea si asamblarea cofrajelor in vederea turnarii fundatiei.

Lectura sustinuta de dr.arh. Alexandru Calin a prezentat  cazul interesant al unui nou tip de arhitectura din comunitatile maghiare din Transilvania si din Ungaria : scoala itineranta (Vandoriskola). Incadrata in paradigma regionalismului critic, arhitectura moderna maghiara din secuime este marcata de figurile lui Kos Karoly si Imre Makowecz, arhitect maghiar care a pus bazele unei cooperative de proiectare care a evoluat ulterior intr-o uniune de arhitecti. Arhitectura de inspiratie nationala pune accent pe elemente traditionale, caracterul vernacular, subliniind traditia si specificul local si promovand folosirea materialelor si mijloacelor naturale. Scoala alternativa de pregatire a arhitectilor absolventi reitereaza traditia breslelor si se bazeaza pe o programa care vizeaza consolidarea cunostiintelor prin ateliere practice, cursuri, calatorii de studiu in regiunile est-europene, finalizandu-se printr-o lucrare de master sub forma unui proiect pus in aplicare. Vandoriskola promoveaza traditia locala de a construi, arhitectura masiva de zid, piatra si caramida cu puternice influente specific locale, inspirandu-se totodata  din lumea organica a plantelor si din complexitatea vietii umane. Au fost prezentate imagini ale catorva proiecte de absolvire ale alumnilor  scolii itinerante : centre comunitare, locuinte individuale, bai comunale, biserici, case de vacanta ; proiectele comunitare sunt in parte tributare zonei religioase (capele, biserici, turnuri-clopotnita) integrate in peisaj si influentate de spiritul locului. La sfarsitul lecturii, Alexandru Calin a propus un scurt exercitiu care sa constituie un raspuns imediat, spontan, creativ  din partea studentilor :  schita unui obiect-semnal care sa foloseasca sapte elemente date.

Dupa-amiaza, in cadrul atelierului de proiectare participativa fiecare echipa a intocmit o  scurta fisa de documentare cu date despre istoricul si modul de viata al familiei care sa ajute la crearea unor solutii practice pentru locuinte evolutive sustenabile in concordanta cu specificul familiei.

Tuesday, 16th July

During the first part of the day the students started the first session of participatory design and experimental building in the community by having a series of dialogues with the beneficiaries, as part of a documentation activity and preliminary analysis. The dialogues focused on such themes as the structure and the dynamics of the families, the monthly sources of income, the functions of the spaces, the ways of access, the situation of the utilities, the climatic conditions, daily activities and culinary customs, the relation with the neighbours, the schooling level of the children. In parallel to the discussions with the members of the families, students from each team actively took part at the work at the building site of the community design centre by preparing and assembling the shutterings for the foundation.

The lecture held by D.Arh.Alexandru Calin presented the interesting case of a new type of architecture found in the Hungarian communities from Transylvania and in Hungary: the itinerant school (Vandoriskola). Kos Karoly and Imre Makowecz are the two main figures of Hungarian modern architecture. The national architecture emphasizes the traditional elements, the vernacular, the use of natural means and materials. Makowecz established a design cooperative system that subsequently evolved into an architects’ union in the form of an alternative school that reiterates the tradition of the guilds and is based on a syllabus focused on the practical side, through workshops, lectures and learning trips. Vandoriskola promotes the local building tradition and influences, drawing inspiration from the organic world of plants and from the complexity of human life. The students viewed images of several graduation projects belonging to members of the itinerant school: community centres, individual dwellings, churches; a large part of the community projects are tributary to the religious area, integrated in the landscape and breathing the spirit of the place.

In the afternoon, each team of students drew up a short documentary record containing data on the history and the way of life of the beneficiary family in order to create practical solutions for sustainable evolutive dwellings in accordance with the specific features of each family.

Alexandra Purnichescu